How to write the introduction part of an article?

How to write the introduction part of an article?

Each article is started with an introduction part which includes an overall description of the article and widely, it deals with the variables of the study.

The role of an introduction is assisting the readers in grasping the reasons behind the research. Contrary to the general belief which considers the introduction part, unnecessary, this part is demonstrative of your work’s value. It is through this part that particular reasons are provided with the aim of showing the work as necessary and significant.

An introduction is usually started with a general sentence; then, the problem is stated with regard to the dependent variable(s). As the next stage, the literature ought to be reviewed along with the provided solutions so that the remaining problem or to make it brief, the focus of the study can be revealed out.

The main parts of an introduction:

  • Objectives (general as well as the specific ones): They should have particular features including being brief, precise, measurable, and clear, and writing ideal and abnormal objectives which cannot be achieved, should be forbidden.
  • Research problems: They should be logically defined.
  • Significance of the study: It should be stated from theoretical as well as practical perspectives.
  • Literature Review: Providing the theoretical frameworks and determining one as the model for the study; brief reference to the relevant studies, starting from the general towards more specific references along with prioritizing the recent studies; stating the concluding remarks; and finally, making the significance as well as the consequences of the study clear.
  • Hypotheses making: They should be provided through simple and clear sentences.

Key points in writing an introduction:

  1. It is started from the general toward more specific materials.
  2. It is initiated with the background of the problem and the problem itself is provided subsequently.
  3. The background of the problem should be an indicator of problem existence considering the previous studies along with the prominent authors’ findings.
  4. The mentioned background should make the probable happening of the problem, its area and features clear.
  5. The Problem statement regards the general objective of the research which might be provided in question form.
  6. Through problem statement, the info with regard to the dependent, independent, moderator, and control variable(s) (if any), are provided.
  7. The background of the study and the problem statement usually encompass a paragraph and one or two sentences, respectively.
  8. In case the study is based on a particular framework, it should be indicated.
  9. The literature review should be written in clear, brief and critical manner so that the researcher can later discuss the findings in comparison to the previous findings through critical lenses.
  10. The significance of the study should be mentioned which can be either provided clearly in a separate part, or it can be included in the problem statement or the objectives of the study.
  11.  An attempt should be made with regard to the length of the study so that it does not exceed %20 of the whole manuscript.

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